cPanel is a Linux-based online interface that is used to simplify website and server management. With a cPanel, you can access important features of your web hosting through a simple dashboard without requiring technical knowledge. It has two interfaces: a user-interface called cPanel and a server management interface called Web Host Manager (WHM). Using a cPanel, you can publish content on websites, manage domains, organize files, create email accounts and much more.
As a popular control panel, cPanel is offered by several web hosting providers. It is usually the primary control panel in shared hosting or Linux VPS hosting accounts. The interface offers navigation, buttons, graphics and links that make hosting and file management simpler.
Here are some areas that can be managed with cPanel:
- Website file organization.
- Software installation.
- Domain and subdomain creation and management.
- Database search, backups, and management.
- Email account creation and management.
- User management.
- Passwords and security.
In the absence of a cPanel-like interface, only users with advanced technical knowledge would be able to manage a web server. If you are new to website management, you may find the platform somewhat intimidating. But once you get the hang of it, you’ll realize it is a great solution for managing your site without requiring to hire a developer.
It’s essential to remember that cPanel is a third-party application and comes at a price. If you have chosen a hosting solution, chances are cPanel is included in your package. Some hosting providers offer cPanel for free for the first year and start charging it subsequently.
Login to cPanel
You can login to cPanel using the address panel of your browser. Type in your site URL.
If your site begins with http, add ‘:2082’ to the end, so the address in the browser would look like:
If your site begins with https, add ‘:2083’ to the end. Your address in the browser would look like:
Once the cPanel login screen appears, login using the username and password offered by your hosting provider. You will reach the control panel of your website where you will see all the settings.
cPanel: Key Sections
The look and feel of your cPanel account will differ from host to host. That said, the primary sections and features remain the same across all hosting providers.
Installing WordPress on cPanel
cPanel has an app installer section that allows you to easily install WordPress. Typically, WordPress is present in a section called ‘Softaculous Apps Installer’. The installation process is more or less the same for all hosting providers.
Once you click on the WordPress icon, you will be required to choose the domain you want to create on WordPress. This could be your domain or subdomain.
Once you have filled in your installation URL, you can go click on the ‘Install’ button provided at the bottom of the page to complete the installation process.
Domain Management on cPanel
With cPanel, you can easily manage all domains and subdomains related to your hosting account. All you need to do is to find the ‘Domains’ section. This will manage everything right from creating additional domains to redirecting URLs.
Here are some buttons you can possibly find on your cPanel account:
Domains: Using this, you can create new domains for a newly installed WordPress website.
Addon Domains: This button helps you create additional domains that can be incorporated into other sites.
Aliases: This helps you link other domains to your primary domain.
Redirects: This is where you can take certain URLs and redirect them to other URLs.
Subdomains: Using this, you can create subsections of your website instead of buying a completely new domain.
Email Management on cPanel
As a business owner, you need to have a professional email ID. This can be easily created with your domain name on cPanel.
The cPanel dashboard has an Email section where you can add and maintain these email addresses. While the options for managing emails differ from one cPanel version to another, here are some of the buttons you can expect to find in this section:
- Email Accounts.
- Email Routing.
- Spam Filters.
The most important section is Email Accounts where you can create and manage your email addresses. Because you already own the domain name related to the cPanel account, a business ID can be created in a jiffy.
Clicking on the Email Accounts link will take you to a section where you can fill in details such as username, password, storage space, etc.
File Management on cPanel
Your cPanel account will have a Files section that includes all files that make your website function. These files are stored on the host server. With cPanel, you can view, edit and back up the files.
To access these files, go to Files section and click on the File Manager. Here, you can add files and folders that may be missing. You can use this section for finding details to connect through FTP, checking disk usage, creating backups and so on.
Several web hosting services offer file backup tools. With these tools, you can schedule how frequently you would like to run backups.
Database Management on cPanel
As the user of a web hosting service, you may not need to access your databases ever. Nevertheless, it’s always good to know where they are in case you need a database transfer or want to edit something.
The database of your website stores data which could include anything ranging from user data to product information. This is logged in a large list and can be referred to at any point in time.
You can use the Databases section to build a completely new database or view the ones that are currently active in your site files. You can always connect with your host’s support team to find it there is a need to create a new database or modify an existing one.
The Final Word
cPanel is a great tool that makes website and server management easy for the average user. With a cPanel at your disposal, you can manage several tasks-adding emails, creating backups and editing files-using a simple, intuitive dashboard.
cPanel has become quite popular in due course; you may encounter it when starting with your website. However, it’s essential to remember that cPanel is available only with an unmanaged Linux VPS hosting account; you won’t find it in a managed account because there the host takes care of all tasks related to server management.
In case you need further guidance on using a cPanel, drop a line in the comment section below.
Also Read: Benefits of using cPanel Web Hosting