How to Connect to a Linux server from Windows?
There are several ways to connect to a Linux server from a Windows machine, but one of the most common methods is to use the Secure Shell (SSH) protocol. Here are the general steps you can follow to connect to a Linux server from a Windows machine using SSH:
Step 1: Make sure that the Linux server you want to connect to is configured to accept SSH connections. The OpenSSH server software is commonly used on Linux systems to provide SSH functionality, so check to see if it is installed and running on the server.
Step 2: Download and install an SSH client on your Windows machine. A popular choice is PuTTY, which is a free and open-source SSH client for Windows. You can download it from the PuTTY website (www.putty.org).
Step 3: Launch the PuTTY application.
Step 4: In the “Host Name (or IP address)” field, enter the hostname or IP address of the Linux server you want to connect to.
Step 5: Click the “Open” button to start the connection.
Step 6: If it is the first time connecting, the PuTTY may show a security alert, you can simply click on Yes, to accept the fingerprint and continue.
Step 7: A terminal window will open and you will be prompted to enter your username and password.
Step 8: Once you enter your credentials, you will be logged in to the Linux server, and you’ll be able to run commands and transfer files just like you were working on the server directly.
Additionally, you can use some other tools such as :
- OpenSSH client for Windows which allows using native OpenSSH on windows,
- MobaXterm which provides a terminal and SSH client,
- GitBash which is a command line shell and terminal emulator
Please note that these tools may have slight variations in the steps and the user interface but the overall process is the same.